Technological advancements have greatly benefited growth in medicine and healthcare over the past decade. In this article, we take a quick look at some of the top innovations that have been affecting lives positively since their creation.

#1 Artificial Heart – AbioCor

A group of surgeons from Louisville, Kentucky implanted an artificial heart in a patient who suffered from heart failure. Developed by Abiomed, Inc., a company based in Danvers, Massachusetts; AbioCor is technologically advanced artificial heart compared to other existing devices.

Previous devices required cumbersome tubes and cables to power a console through the patient’s skin. AbioCor is a self-contained device placed inside the body, containing no tubes or cables running through the skin. The patients are not required to carry a console which inhibits them from performing daily activities smoothly. The device has a battery pack that the patient can wear on their waist (belt preferably). Read more about the device

 

#2 da Vinci Surgical robots

Image result for da vinci surgical system diagram

 

Robotics has made our life easier daily. We might not notice them every day but they could be as straightforward as an automobile or a wending machine. Robotics also play a huge role in clinical settings. From simple dental equipment to ocular examiners, robots have come a long way in healthcare. However, 21st century was graced by the invention of surgical robots that can replace the hands of a human surgeon!

A group of surgeons at the Duke University managed to test semi-autonomous surgical robots, to cut through prostate tissue on a dead turkey. The precision and accuracy of the incision registered a 93% success rate!  It’s too early to completely hand over the responsibility to robots i.e fully autonomous surgical devices. However, a lot of serious surgeries including open heart bypass are being performed by robo-surgeons using the help of clinical professionals.

In 2010, a group of surgeons at McGill university used the signature da Vinci robot, paired with a robotic anesthesiologist (named McSleepy) to remove a patient’s prostrate gland. It was recorded as the world’s first surgery performed without direct inference of humans. The surgeons were responsible only for controlling the robots from a distance. Read more about this story

 

#3 Bionic Contact Lens

contact lens with electronic circuit

Researchers from University of Washington in Seattle first proposed the Bionic eye. The eye was made from an elastic contact lens with an inbuilt electronic circuit. The device enables patients with ocular disorders to see around them by superimposing computerized pictures. The computerized pictures analyzed and developed by the chip is projected onto the patient’s natural view.

The scientists behind the creation of the device suggest that the bionic eye could be used by pilots and regular drivers. Not only will the patients be able to see what regular vision provides but also information on routes, weather, and vehicle etc.

The presence of the electric circuit opens unlimited possibilities for the future of device. As of now the scientist are working on developing bio-markers on the bionic eye to monitor cholesterol levels and other useful biological levels. The information obtained could be potentially transmitted to a computer for further analysis. More information about the device

 

 

Suggested post: Portable device produces bio-pharmaceuticals on demand!

 

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